Lithium-ion batteries are the most popular rechargeable batteries today, as they have become the primary power source for many applications such as portable electronics, power tools and hybrid / all-electric vehicles. While tremendous effort has been put into investigating the electrochemical performance of many active lithium-based materials, current rechargeable batteries exhibit energy density, longevity and safety well below theoretical capabilities. None of the current rechargeable batteries can fully meet all the challenging requirements for our current energy storage.
New research directions aimed at understanding ionic diffusion and electron transport and the regulation of reversible electrochemical reactions are crucial for developing batteries with greatly improved energy storage and longer life. Nanotechnology and advanced materials, including innovative techniques to create and shape the materials, are the key technologies as they enable interventions on a critical nanolength scale. In addition, research will include the use nanotechnology for the reusability of materials, more sustainable use of energy and the development of alternatives to plastics and insulation materials.
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